Civil Services Values or Values for Civil Services:
In this post, we will learn about the importance of Civil Services Values.
Civil Services Values are part of the General Studies Paper -4 (Ethics Paper) Syllabus of UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam.
Definition: Values are the abstract things that humans attach importance to it.
- Some values are universal like honesty, non-violence, whereas some are culture specific like patriarchy.
- Some values are eternal like love, peace, whereas some are ever-changing like vegetarianism.
- Some values are depended upon circumstances. For example, when killing a person in self-defense is justified as per the existing circumstances.
Importance of Values for humans:
- They guide our human behavior. Without them our actions would be random and irrelevant
- They help us in decision-making.
- They are preferences and choices for us. For ex, vegetarianism is a preference.
- Following ethical and moral values will bring personal satisfaction.
- At societal level, they help in maintaining peace, order and harmony.
- They help in evaluating others actions w.r.t right or wrong.
- They help us in having compliance with law.
- They help us in observing societal norms and organizational principles.
- Self-realization or self-actualization is only possible for ethical human beings who adheres to ethical values.
Value-Conflict: It is a situation in which one person or organization is faced with a dilemma to chose between two values, which are contradictory.
For example, conflict between environmental protection vs development.
Similarly, conflict between professional values and personal values is also a value-conflict. For example, a Doctor treating a wounded rapist. As per his professional values, he must treat a person who is in need irrespective of what he is, whereas as a person his values will be in conflict with his professional values.
Following civil services values are essential in the functioning of a civil servant. We need to apply these values in answering case studies question in Ethics paper.
- Commitment to public service and duty
- Transparency in functioning
- Objectivity in approach
- Empathy towards weaker sections
- Compassion to ameliorate their problems
- Leadership capability
- Accountability for his actions
- Effectiveness in results
- Love for justice
- Respect for humanity
- Respect for human dignity
- Social equality
- Achievement orientation
- Dedication to public service
- Moral Courage
- Sense of solidarity with others