Current Events of International Importance – June, 2016 International Affairs
We have compiled complete current affairs and events of international importance for the month of June, 2016. These current events include various topics like political, administrative, economic, environmental events. They are arranged in date-wise for complete understanding of various issues in a chronological order.
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1. India gifted 2,000 bicycles to Nepali girl students to stem dropout rate.
- The Indian government has gifted 2,000 bicycles to poor Dalit girls studying in government schools in Banke, Siraha, Dhanusha and Sarlahi districts of Nepal to stem the dropout rate.
- The gifting of bicycles to the poor Dalit girl students was aimed at enhancing the literacy rate among girls in Nepal and also to encourage girls from such families to enrol in schools.
- The government of India extended a financial assistance of Rs 8 crore under its Small Development Project scheme.
- The India-Nepal Economic Programme has an outlay of over 76 billion Nepali rupees, with more than 529 large and small developmental projects completed or under implementation across Nepal.
Prime minister: Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Currency: Nepalese rupee
2. Canada to enforce plain cigarette packaging in attempt to curb smoking.
- Canada, following the lead of Britain and Australia, will make plain packaging of cigarettes compulsory in a bid to cut the rate of smoking.
- Canada already obliges firms to slap large graphic warning labels on cigarette packets.
- The measures would require a uniform, standardized color and font on packages and restrict the use of logos and trademarks.
- A final decision on what packaging rules to apply will be announced after a three-month period of public consultations.
- Australia became the first country to adopt plain packaging legislation.
Currency: Canadian dollar
Prime minister: Justin Trudeau
1. Poland constitution: EU warned over threat to rule of law.
- The European Union has issued a formal warning to Poland for threatening the rule of law – one of the founding principles of the EU.
- The warning from the European Commission could lead to Poland being stripped of its EU voting rights.
- This marks the first time the EU executive has criticized a member under its rule of law procedure.
2. Exchange of terrorist screening information Arrangement between India and USA signed.
- An Arrangement between the authorized governmental agencies of the Government of India and the Government of the United States of America (USA) for exchange of terrorist screening information was signed.
- Arrangement was signed by the Union Home Secretary, Shri Rajiv Mehrishi and Mr. Richard Verma, Ambassador of the United States of America to India.
- As per this Arrangement, both sides shall provide each other access to terrorism screening information through the designated contact points, subject to domestic laws and regulations.
- The Arrangement would enhance the counter terrorism cooperation between India and USA.
1. Turkey, Kenya set target to increase trade volume to $1 billion.
- Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Kenyan counterpart Uhuru Kenyatta held a joint press conference in Nairobi, the second stop on Turkey’s two-nation East African tour.
- Turkey and Kenya aim to raise the volume of trade from the outstanding $144 million to $1 billion a year.
- Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is accompanied by a committee of 135 business people who came to Kenya ready to hold meetings on a sectoral basis with counterparts in the Business Forum.
2. PM’s visit to Afghanistan, Qatar, Switzerland, USA and Mexico.
- The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi will be visiting Afghanistan, State of Qatar, Switzerland, United States of America and Mexico from June 4-8.
- PM will join President Ashraf Ghani to inaugurate Afghanistan-India Friendship Dam in Herat.
- PM will be visiting the State of Qatar at the invitation of Sheikh Tamim the Emir of Qatar.
- On a bilateral visit to Switzerland and will hold talks with President Schneider-Ammann to deepen our bilateral and multilateral cooperation.
- PM will address a Joint Meeting of the US Congress.
3. Northern Ireland to lift ban on gay men donating blood.
- Northern Ireland’s ban on gay men donating blood is to be lifted.
- The one-year deferral system operated in the rest of the UK will now become law in Northern Ireland. This means gay and bisexual men will be permitted to give blood one year after their last sexual contact with another man.
- The lifting of the ban in Northern Ireland brings the region in line with England, Scotland and Wales.
1. India, Singapore agreed to enhance scale of military interaction.
- India and Singapore held the first dialogue between their defence ministers as they agreed to enhance the scale and complexity of existing bilateral military interaction, at a time when freedom of navigation in international waterways has emerged as a major concern.
- Decision in this regard, was taken at inaugural Singapore-India Defence Ministers’ Dialogue (DMD). The Dialogue was co-chaired by Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar and his Singapore counterpart Dr. Ng Eng Hen.
- A joint statement issued after the meeting by both ministers committed to enhance the scale and complexity of existing bilateral exercises between the militaries.
- Both countries agreed cooperation between Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Singapore research agency on research-oriented projects.
Prime minister: Lee Hsien Loong
Currency: Singapore dollar
2. PM inaugurated the Afghan-India Friendship Dam
- Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi jointly inaugurated the Afghan-India Friendship Dam (Salma Dam) with President of Afghanistan Dr. Ashraf Ghani at Chist-e-Sharif in Herat province in Western Afghanistan.
- Salma Dam is a landmark infrastructure project undertaken by Government of India on river Hari Rud.
- Dam is a multipurpose project planned for generating 42 MW of power, irrigating 75000 hectares of land, water supply and other benefits to the people of Afghanistan.
- Rs. 1775 crore project was funded by Government of India and took more than ten years to complete.
President: Ashraf Ghani
Currency: Afghan afghani
3. China warships to join major U.S. hosted naval drills.
- China confirmed it would send warships to join a major U.S. hosted naval drill.
- The Rim of the Pacific exercise (RIMPAC), the world’s largest international maritime exercise, is conducted in June and July, every two years in Hawaii.
- Its participation was limited to areas such as humanitarian relief and search and rescue operations.
Currency: Yuan Renminbi
President: Xi Jinping
1. India applied for the Nuclear Suppliers Group membership after seven years of talks.
- The Indian government has submitted its formal application for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the US.
- The application was put forward and the decision is expected to be made at a closed-door NSG summit in Vienna between 9-10 June.
- India’s application was sent almost one week before Pakistan’s, who is being backed by NSG member China.
In November 2010, US President Barack Obama announced its support to India’s participation in the NSG.
2. Switzerland’s voters rejected the basic income plan.
- Switzerland is voting on whether to introduce a guaranteed basic income for every citizen, becoming the first country to hold such a vote.
- The proposal calls for adults to be paid an unconditional income of 2,500 Swiss francs a month, whether they work or not. Supporters of the idea say 21st Century work is increasingly automated, with fewer jobs available for workers.
- Swiss voters have overwhelmingly rejected a proposal to introduce a guaranteed basic income for all.
- Final results referendum showed that nearly 77% opposed the plan, with only 23% backing it.
- Switzerland is the first country to hold such a vote.
1. A 6.3-magnitude earthquake rocked Maluku Islands in Indonesia.
- A 6.3-magnitude earthquake rocked the Maluku Islands in eastern Indonesia.
- The Indonesian Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency reported that the quake struck at 01:25 am local time.
- The epicenter was 146 kilometre southwest of South Buru Regency, Maluku Province, 299 kilometre from Maluku Province’s capital Ambon with a depth of 445 kilometre under the sea.
Prime minister: Jusuf Kalla
President: Joko Widodo
Currency: Indonesian rupiah
2. Switzerland backed India’s bid for NSG membership.
- India, got the backing of Switzerland in its bid to become a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) ahead of the group’s crucial meeting.
- The two countries also resolved to strengthen cooperation in combating tax evasion and black money.
- Swiss President Johann Schneider-Ammann announced his country’s support to India’s membership in the 48-member grouping after holding comprehensive talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- Both countries Agreed to expand cooperation in tackling the problem of Indians stashing away unaccounted money in Swiss banks, the two leaders also had talks on stepping up ties in areas of trade, investment and vocational training.
India has been pushing for membership of the bloc for last few years and had formally moved its application recently.
- The grouping will take up India’s application in its plenary meetings on June 9 in Vienna and June 24 in Seoul.
- About Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
- NSG is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be used for development of nuclear weapons.
- It was set up in 1974 as a reaction to India’s first successful nuclear tests to stop so called misuse of nuclear material meant for peaceful purposes. Currently, NSG has 48 members.
1. Norway to ban petrol and diesel cars by 2025.
- Norway to ban or reduce the sale of all cars running on petrol and diesel after 2025.
- Norway looks set to become the first country to ban the sale of cars powered by fossil fuels after politicians apparently agreed that all vehicles must run on green energy by 2025.
- The move follows the agreement of a new climate tax on electricity and the announcement that the country will become the first in the world to commit to zero deforestation.
- Norway joins the Netherlands, one of the most bicycle-friendly countries in the world, in proposing the fossil fuel-powered vehicle bans.
Currency: Norwegian krone
Prime minister: Erna Solberg
2. Saudi plans to triple non-oil revenue in 5 years.
- Saudi Arabia plans to more than triple the government’s non-oil revenues and clamp down on public-sector salaries over the next five years.
- The National Transformation Plan (NTP) aims to boost non-oil revenue to 530 billion riyals ($141 billion) by 2020, creating some 450,000 non-government jobs.
- The plan aims to ”enhance the level and quality of services” provided by government and ”achieve a prosperous future and sustainable development”.
- The NTP, which includes over 500 projects and initiatives as well as performance indicators for ministries and other government agencies, will cost around 270 billion riyals to implement.
- The plan is part of a wider, long-term reform drive known as Vision 2030.
About Saudi Arabia
Currency: Saudi riyal
King: Salman bin Abdulaziz
1. India-US inked six agreements, including climate change and terrorism.
- PM Narendra Modi and US President Barack were signed several agreements to boost bilateral ties in Washington DC.
- The agreements were signed in Terrorist Screening Information, Clean Energy and Climate Change, cooperation on Energy Security among others.
About six agreements:
- Arrangement for the exchange of Terrorist Screening Information
- MoU on Energy Security, Clean Energy and Climate Change
- MoU on Wildlife Conservation and Combating Wildlife Trafficking
- MoU for the Global Entry Programme
- Technical Arrangement concerning Unclassified Maritime Information Sharing
- MoU for Cooperation in Gas Hydrates
1. India, Seychelles working to ‘ensure security’ in Indian Ocean.
- India and Seychelles have very close relations and both counties are working together to ensure safety and security in the Indian Ocean.
- Seychelles has allocated a plot on the Assumption Island for the base, which will help enhance maritime security along India’s west and south coast.
- This initiative has come following China’s announcement that it would build its first African naval base in Djibouti. it’s a base of Seychelles to be built with support from India.
- India is already helping Seychelles patrol the Indian Ocean. India is an important source of tourism for the island nation.
Currency: Seychellois rupee
President: James Michel
1. WHO declared Liberia free of active Ebola virus transmission.
- The WHO has declared that Liberia has reached the end of active Ebola virus transmission.
- This is fourth such declaration from one of the West African countries at the epicenter of the world’s worst outbreak of the disease.
- The declaration means it has been 42 days since the last confirmed patient tested negative for a second time for the disease.
- WHO data show West Africa’s Ebola epidemic killed more than 11,300 people and infected some 28,600 as it swept through Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia from 2013 in the world’s worst outbreak of the disease.
1. Obama approved a broader role for US forces in Afghanistan.
- Expressing concern over the security situation in Afghanistan, US President Barack Obama has approved broader role for his troops stationed in the war-torn country to help Afghan forces effectively carry out anti-terrorism operations.
- Currently, the American military is allowed to take action against insurgents when their assistance is required to prevent setbacks to the Afghan military, which puts them in a defensive position.
- The US forces to be more proactive in supporting conventional Afghan forces as they take the fight to the Taliban.
- The Afghan government and Afghan security forces would eliminate entirely the threat from the Taliban or any other extremists in that country.
2. Nato troops have begun huge military exercise in Poland.
- The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members and partners launched Anaconda-16 Exercise, the biggest ever joint military exercise in Poland.
- The exercise was launched at the crucial time when central and eastern European nations are seeking strong security guarantees amid concerns about Russia.
- For more than 10 days, 30,000 troops backed by large numbers of vehicles, aircraft and ships will be deployed in one of the biggest exercises on NATO’s eastern flank since the end of the Cold War.
- The Anakonda-16 exercise, which includes manoeuvres such as a night-time helicopter assault and the dropping of US paratroopers to build a temporary bridge over the Vistula river.
- The goal of Anakonda-16 is to ”train, exercise and integrate the Polish national command and force structures into an allied, joint multi-national environment”.
1. China, Nepal Connected by Optical Fiber for First Time.
- China and Nepal have been connected with an optical fibre network via Tibet as infrastructure between the two countries is being firmed up to extend high-speed Internet services to Nepal.
- The network has ended Nepal’s sole dependence on India for connecting it with global telecom service.
- China has extended its optical fibre network to Nepal via Geelong(Keyrong)-Rasuwgadhi border point
Nepal Telecom (NT) its optical fibre network has been connected with that of China Telecom Corporation Limited.
- As a result of this Nepal now can be directly linked with Hong Kong Data Centre, which is one of the two biggest global date centres in Asia.
- The use of the Chinese route to connect with Hong Kong Data Centre will help enhancing quality of internet services in Nepal because of shorter distance.
President: Xi Jinping
1. President Pranab Mukherjee left for 6-day tour of 3 African nations.
- President Pranab Mukherjee embarked on a six-day visit to three African nations – Ghana, Ivory Coast and Namibia to boost trade ties with these countries known for having “solid political system, where democracy has taken roots”.
- The President is accompanied by Minister of State in the PMO Jitendra Singh and MPs S.S. Ahluwalia and Mansukh L. Mandaviya.
- Pranab Mukherjee is visiting two countries for the first time -Ivory Coast and Ghana, besides Namibia where an (Indian) President will visit after 21 years.
2. Norway Becomes the World’s First Country to Ban Deforestation.
- Norway has become the first country to ban deforestation. The Norwegian Parliament pledged that the government’s public procurement policy will be deforestation-free.
- The step was taken by Norwegian Government based on official recommendations of Norwegian Parliament’s Standing Committee on Energy and Environment as part of the Action Plan on Nature Diversity.
- Norway’s action plan also includes a request from parliament that the government exercise due care for the protection of biodiversity in its investments through Norway’s Government Pension Fund Global.
- Norwegian lawmakers also committed to find a way to source essential products such as soy, palm oil, beef and timber that have little or no impact on ecosystems.
- Norway will no longer procure use or procure products that encourage deforestation.
3. India to provide Rs. 48 million aid for college building in Nepal.
- India to provide financial grand of Rs. 48.84 million to Nepal for the construction of a college. Indian Ambassador to Nepal Ranjit Rae laid foundation stone of the building for Koteshwor Multiple Campus in Kathmandu district.
- The campus building is constructed with financial aid from India and the project is being implemented through District Development Committee of Kathmandu.
- Established in 1990, Koteshwor Multiple Campus is a non-profit, non-governmental, service-oriented community college situated at Koteshwor on the outskirt of Kathmandu.
- India has provided a financial aid of nearly Rs. 501 million to Nepal in the financial year 2015-16 to help the quake-struck country renovate, restore and upgrade its various religious, cultural and educational institutions.
1. India, EFTA agree to address issues to resume FTA talks.
- India and the EFTA, a bloc of four European countries including Switzerland agreed to resolve the outstanding issues for resumption of long-stalled negotiations for a proposed free trade agreement.
- A meeting between the chief negotiators of India and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was held to take stock of the ongoing negotiations for Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement (TEPA).
- The last round of negotiations was held in November 2013 and thereafter the negotiations have remained suspended.
- The four EFTA members are – Switzerland, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.
2. Israel Elected As Chair Of Permanent UN Committee For The First Time.
- The United Nations General Assembly elected Israel to chair its Legal Committee, also known as the Sixth Committee.
- First time Israel, a country that has been routinely denounced by the U.N. for its settlement expansion activities in the West Bank, has been chosen to head one of its six permanent committees.
- The Sixth Committee overseas U.N. activities related to International laws.
Headquarters: New York, United States
Secretary General: Ban Ki-Moon
President: Reuven Rivlin
Prime minister: Benjamin Netanyahu
Currencies: Israeli new shekel
3. India, Ghana signed three agreements.
- India and Ghana signed three bilateral agreements to strengthen co-operation in varied fields.
- Ghana is the first country visited by the President during the six-day African tour.
- The three agreements signed with Ghana included one for visa waivers for holders of diplomatic and official passports and one for setting up a Joint Commission.
- The commission will periodically review various aspects of the multi-dimensional relationship between the two countries. A mutually convenient date for its first meeting will be decided later.
- The third agreement was for collaboration in diplomatic training between the Indian Foreign Service Institute and a Ghanaian institute of the same standing.
- India is the largest foreign investor in Ghana with more than 700 projects. More than 222 of these projects are in the manufacturing sector.
President: John Dramani Mahama
Currency: Ghanaian cedi’
1. US Senate rejected the Bill on special status for India.
- US Senate rejecting a key amendment recognising the country as “global strategic and defence partner”.
- The Senate has failed to recognise India as a ”global strategic and defence partner” of the U.S. after a key amendment necessary to modify its export control regulations could not be passed
- Top Republican senator John McCain had moved an amendment to the National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA-17).
- The amendment would have helped India to acquire advanced military technology, participate in combined military planning.
- The US had recognised India as a ”major defence partner” in a joint statement issued during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit
2. France becomes the first major nation to ratify UN climate deal.
- France President François Hollande finalised ratification of the Paris climate accord reached in December 2015, making France the first industrialised country to do so.
- In a ceremony at the Elysee Palace, the French president signed a law to join the historic UN climate pact.
- At the December COP21 gathering in Paris, 195 governments reached the historic agreement setting a target of limiting global warming to “well below” 2C compared with pre-industrial levels.
3. India, Thailand to firm up maritime security cooperation.
- Thailand Prime Minister General Prayuth Chan-ocha’s is on three day maiden visit to India, upon which both the sides are set to firm up cooperation to combat terrorism, and boost maritime security, defence ties and trade.
- The announcement was made after Prime Minister Narendra Modi held extensive talks with his visiting Thai counterpart.
- Both the nations will also look for joint projects in solar energy, space applications and space technology sectors.
- The two countries will expressing cooperation in the increase in maritime security, double trade in five years, push the India-Myanmar-Thai road project, cooperate in civil aviation, fight cyber crime and promote people-to-people cooperation.
1. US Senate approved $800 million fund for Pakistan.
- The US Senate has passed its draft of the National Defence Authorisation Bill, including a provision to set up a new fund to reimburse Pakistan for its efforts in the war against terrorism.
- The Senate version authorises $800 million under a provision called the `Pakistan Security Enhancement Authorisation’.
2. China banned the exports to N. Korea with possible military use.
- China banned exports to North Korea of technology and materials that might be used in weapons production in a new response to the North’s development of nuclear weapons and missiles.
- The list of banned ”dual use” items with possible civilian and military use includes metal alloys, cutting and laser-welding equipment and materials that could be used in production of chemical weapons.
3. France created a meteor-tracking camera network.
- France has developed a camera-based meteor detection network, called the Fireball Recovery and InterPlanetary Observation Network (FRIPON).
- The network is able to track meteors using a nation-wide camera system which currently employs 68 cameras.
- The data from the network will help detect meteor trajectory, their source of origin and their likely impact locations.
1. Bangladesh, India launched the transshipment operations.
- India and Bangladesh launched transshipment operations at the Ashuganj port to boost trade and facilitate seamless movement of goods in the landlocked region, with a cargo vessel unloading the maiden consignment to be transported to Tripura through Bangladeshi territory.
- Bangladesh’s Shipping Minister Shahjahan Khan inaugurated the operation at Ashuganj port in central Bangladesh.
- This is part of an India-Bangladesh deal signed earlier to use each other’s territory for transiting goods to a third country.
- A ship from Kolkata carrying 1000 tonnes of steel and iron sheets reached Ashuganj river port in Bangladesh.
- The facility will enable India to transport goods to the North-eastern states and further to Myanmar through Bangladesh, reportedly reducing costs by nearly 50%.
2. First Chinese Disneyland opened in Shanghai.
- China opened its first Disneyland in Shanghai to the public with a grand ceremony.
- The theme park is expected to attract 15-50 million visitors every year.
- Disney CEO Bob Iger present at the event announced that the Disneyland was a product of $5.5 billion investment and a two-decade courtship of the Communist Party’s top leaders.
3. Ganges-Danube Cultural Festival of India being organized in Hungary from 17th to 19th June.
- ”Ganges-Danube Cultural Festival of India” in Hungary will be inaugurated by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture & Tourism (I/C) and Civil Aviation on 17 June at Vigado Theatre in Budapest, Hungary.
- Dr. Mahesh Sharma will also inaugurate International day of Yoga followed by Yoga workshop on 18th June.
- The Festival will showcase Indian culture dance, music, yoga, film and exhibitions. Indian martial art experts and puppet artists are also performing.
1. Dedication of the Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna, renovated by India, to the people of Sri Lanka.
- The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi and the President of Sri Lanka, Mr. Maithripala Sirisena, jointly dedicate to the people of Sri Lanka, the newly renovated Duraiappah Stadium in Jaffna.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi joined the event through video-conferencing from New Delhi with President Sirisena present at the stadium in Jaffna.
- The Duraiappah Stadium, named in honour of a former Mayor of Jaffna, the late Alfred Thambirajah Duraiappah, has been renovated by the Government of India at a cost of over Rs. 7 crore.
- The renovated stadium has a seating capacity of 1850. It will provide the necessary infrastructure to promote sports and recreational activities, and assist the overall development of the youth of the Northern Province in Sri Lanka.
2. India, South Korea launched Korea Plus platform to promote investments.
- India and South Korea launched a platform to promote and facilitate investments in India.
- The platform ‘Korea Plus’ was launched by Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and her South Korean counterpart Joo Hyung Hwan in New Delhi.
- Korea Plus covers the entire investment spectrum including supporting Korean enterprises entering the Indian market for the first time, looking into issues faced by Korean companies doing business in India and policy advocacy to the Indian Government on their behalf.
- Korea Plus will act as a mediator in arranging meetings, assisting in public relations and research/ evaluation and provide information and counselling in regard to Korean companies’ investing in India.
3. Dow Chemical became the first foreign company to get Saudi Arabia trading license.
- Dow Chemical Co (DOW.N) became the first foreign company to receive a trading license from Saudi Arabia as the kingdom plans to diversify its economy and free its dependence on oil exports amid a slump in global oil prices.
- Saudi Arabia’s crown prince Mohammed bin Salman held a meetings with U.S. lawmakers as part of a visit aimed at restoring frayed ties with Washington and promoting plan to wean the kingdom away from oil revenue.
- The trading license will give the company 100% ownership in the country’s trading sector, as per the government’s new reform plan.
1. Iran reached a deal to purchase 100 Boeing planes.
- Iran has reached an agreement with American aerospace giant Boeing to purchase 100 aircraft to renew its ageing fleet, though the deal must still be approved by the US government.
- Head of civil aviation authority, Ali Abedzadeh Announced that country has 250 planes out of which 230 needs to be replaced.
2. Canada’s parliament passed an assisted suicide bill.
- Canada’s parliament has passed a contentious bill to allow medically-assisted death for terminally ill people.
- The law was put forward after the Supreme Court struck down a ban on doctors helping the incurably sick to die.
- Assisted suicide is currently legal in just a few countries, including Switzerland, the Netherlands, Albania, Colombia and Japan.
3. Foreign Secretary Jaishankar visited China.
- Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar made an unannounced visit to Beijing on June 16-17 to enlist support for India’s bid for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group which is being opposed by China.
- China has been strongly opposing India’s membership at the premier club arguing that it was not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
- India has been reaching out to NSG member countries seeking support for its membership of the bloc whose members are allowed to trade in and export nuclear technology.
1. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s statue unveiled in Malaysia.
- A bronze statue of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has been unveiled at the Indian cultural centre premises here in the presence of nine Indian National Army (INA) veterans.
- During a visit to Malaysia Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced renaming of the Indian Cultural Centre in Malaysia as Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Indian Cultural Centre.
- The bust was unveiled by the traditional lighting of the lamp which was sculpted by Ram Sutar and sponsored by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations.
- The Indian Cultural Centre, inaugurated in 2010, showcases India’s rich heritage and promotes multi-layered cultural exchanges between peoples of India and Malaysia.
2. India, UAE to set up parliamentary panel to enhance ties.
- India and the UAE will set up an Emirati-Indian parliamentary committee and exchange visits of lawmakers to boost parliamentary ties as part of their growing strategic partnership and unify their visions on various issues, including security and challenges facing the region.
- A decision was taken in regard during a meeting between first woman speaker of UAE’s Federal National Council (FNC) Amal Abdullah Al-Qubaisi and the Indian ambassador T.P. Seetharam.
- Both the sides mutually agreed to make a draft Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the establishment of the parliamentary committee, and envisaged standing areas of cooperation in various political, economic, cultural and investment sectors.
1. China’s plan to cut meat consumption by 50%.
- The Chinese government has outlined a plan to reduce its citizens’ meat consumption by 50%, in a move that climate campaigner’s hope will provide major heft in the effort to avoid runaway global warming.
- China’s health ministry recommend that the nation’s 1.3 billion population should consume between 40g to 75 g of meat per person each day.
- The measures, released once every 10 years, are designed to improve public health but could also provide a significant cut to greenhouse gas emissions.
- Should the new guidelines be followed, carbon dioxide equivalent emissions from China’s livestock industry would be reduced by 1bn tonnes by 2030, from a projected 1.8 billion tonnes in that year.
2. EU ‘to extend sanctions’ against Russia over Ukraine conflict.
- The European Union’s Brussels envoys agreed to extend until the end of January the energy, financial and defence sanctions on Russia over the conflict in Ukraine.
- Ambassadors from the 28 member states agreed unanimously to prolong the sanctions until 31 January 2017.
- The EU wants more time to assess whether Russia is abiding by peace agreements signed at Minsk aimed at bringing peace to war-hit eastern Ukraine.
- The union imposed sweeping sanctions against swaths of the Russian economy in July 2014 in response to Russia’s arming of the rebels in eastern Ukraine and failure to cooperate in the investigation over the shooting down of Malaysian Airlines jet MH17, which killed 298 people.
1. Finance Minister left India on the five-day official visit to China.
- The Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley will leave on a five-day official visit to China from 23 – 27th June.
- Finance Minister to attend the First Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors’ of Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank and 8th India-China Financial Dialogue.
- During his stay in Beijing, the Finance Minister will also hold talks with Chinese investors and Bankers to seek investment in infrastructure and other sectors in India.
- Finance Minister will also hold a meeting with his Chinese counterpart Mr. Lou Jiwei.
2. Nagpur and Jinan are now sister cities.
- Nagpur and Chinese city of Jinan have tied up as sister cities to facilitate mutual exchange and benefit in different sectors.
- A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the municipal executive heads of the two cities.
Jinan is capital of Eastern China’s Shandong province with a population of about 30 lakh and is known for its beautiful lakes.
- The pact is part of a 2013 agreement between the two countries to develop the concept of sister cities.
- Pact will allow for the exchange of ideas and technology in the field of education, urban development, youth planning, youth affairs and sports.
- Financial assistant can be sought from Jinan for executing of few developmental projects in Nagpur. The agreement has been executed for five years and can be extended by another five year.
3. Moscow to explore high-speed Hyperloop commuter transport system.
- Moscow has signed an agreement with Los Angeles-based company Hyperloop One to explore building a futuristic, high-speed transportation system known as a Hyperloop in the Russian capital.
- A Hyperloop involves using magnets to levitate pods inside an airless tube, creating conditions in which the floating pods can shuttle people and cargo at speeds of up to 750 mph (1,200 kph).
- A memorandum of understanding was signed at the St Petersburg international economic forum by Hyperloop One, the city of Moscow and Russian firm The Summa Group, which invests in infrastructure projects.
1. India, Switzerland to enhance cooperation in skill development.
- India and Switzerland signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to establish formal cooperation in the fields of skills development, vocational, professional education and training.
- The MoU was signed between Switzerland’s State Secretary Mauro Dell’ambrogio and Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy in Winterthur.
- MoU is consistent with the strategy of the Switzerland’s State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) on international cooperation in vocational and professional education and training.
2. Colombia government, FARC rebels signed a ceasefire agreement.
- Colombia’s government and the FARC guerrilla group reached agreement on a definitive ceasefire in Latin America’s longest civil war.
- The national government and FARC delegations inform the public that they have successfully reached an agreement for a definitive bilateral ceasefire and end to hostilities.
- The Colombian conflict started as a rural uprising in the 1960s. It has left 260,000 people dead, 45,000 missing and nearly seven million displaced.
1. China’s first dark sky reserve launched in Tibet.
- China launched its first ”dark sky reserve” for astronomical observation in the Tibetan prefecture of Ngari, bordering Nepal and India.
- The reserve covers an area of 2,500 sq.km and aims to limit light pollution by stepping up protection of dark-sky resources for education and tourism development.
- Dark sky reserve was jointly launched by the China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation and the regional government of Tibet.
- The reserve will also try to seek accreditation from the International Dark-Sky Association, a nonprofit organization based in the United State that is devoted to preserving and protecting the night time environment and dark skies globally.
About dark sky reserve:
- It is an area that is kept free of artificial light pollution. The purpose of a dark sky preserve is generally to promote astronomy. It usually surrounding a park or observatory.
2. Sweden Opened the World’s First Electric Highway.
- Sweden inaugurated a test stretch of an electric road, making it one of the first countries in the world to conduct tests with electric power for heavy transports on public roads.
- The line can provide up to 750 volts dc of electricity to a trucks.
- A 22 kilometer stretch of the E16 road-which connects Oslo, Norway, to Gävle, Sweden-is fitted with power lines overhead, developed by Siemens, providing electricity to hybrid trucks.
- The system works like a tram system. A current collector on the trucks will transfer energy from the power lines to the trucks’ hybrid electric motors
- Electric roads have the potential to achieve zero carbon dioxide emissions.
1. Sri Lankan Parliament passed the Right to Information bill.
- Sri Lanka parliament voted in favour of a Right to Information (RTI) bill, the RTI bill was unanimously passed in parliament.
- The RTI bill seeks to give citizens access to public information which is in the possession, custody or control of a public authority.
- The Right to Information (RTI) bill aimed at restoring transparency and good governance in the country.
- The government also affirmed the bill will allow the public to get information on public officials and will be an important feature for the government to be responsible at a higher level.
2. The UK’s EU referendum.
- The British people have voted to leave the European Union after a historic Brexit referendum.
- In the Brexit referendum, the ‘Leave’ side won decisively by securing 51.9% of the total votes overturning ‘Remain’ side which secured 48.1% votes.
- Britain voted to end its 43-year old association with the European Union in a landmark referendum.
- Nigel Farage, leader of the eurosceptic UK Independence Party called for June 23 “to go down in history as independence day”.
- British Prime Minister David Cameron announced his resignation after Britain voted to leave the European Union in a referendum.
3. Nepali migrants banned from working in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria.
- Nepal has banned its nationals from working in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria after 13 Nepali security guards were killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in the Afghan capital.
- The decision comes after a parliamentary panel ordered Prime Minister K.P. Oli’s government to crack down on traffickers who send thousands of migrants each year to conflict-torn countries where they can often face danger or exploitation.
- Nepali nationals killed in Afghanistan were employed as security guards in the Canadian embassy in Kabul. They were killed when militants exploded a bomb in a minibus.
- Decided to suspend issuing labour permits to Nepalese nationals in four conflict-hit countries, namely Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Libya.
1. US military to lift transgender ban.
- The U.S will announce the repeal of a policy banning transgender people from serving openly in the military.
- This comes five years after the US military ended its ban on gay and lesbian personnel serving openly.
- Declaration to repeal the transgender ban comes after Eric Fanning joined the US Army as new secretary last week. It has been backed by campaigners for transgender rights.
- Figures released by the National Center for Transgender Equality show that close to 15,000 transgender people currently serve in the US military.
- Currently, the U.S. military disqualify transgender troops for medical reasons.
2. World’s tallest and longest tunnel slide opens.
- The world’s longest and tallest tunnel slide, ArcelorMittal Orbit, which has 12 loops was opened to the public in London, UK.
- The 584-feet long and 250-feet tall slide has been designed by British-Indian artist Anish Kapoor and created by Belgian artist Carsten Holler.
3. U.S., Bangladesh agree to enhance counter-terror cooperation.
- The United States and Bangladesh have agreed to deepen cooperation in counter-terrorism through capacity enhancement.
- Decided during the fifth partnership dialogue between the two countries at the U.S. Department of State in Washington.
- On the first day of the two-day dialogue, the three working groups on ‘Security Cooperation’, ‘Development and Governance Cooperation’, and ‘Trade and Investment Cooperation’ held in-depth discussions on bilateral, regional and global issues of mutual interest.
1. Russia, China approved the business initiatives worth $50 billion during Putin visit.
- A Russian-Chinese commission on investment cooperation has selected nearly 60 business initiatives to be put in the works, Russia’s President Vladimir Putin announced during an official visit to Beijing.
- 2016 marked the 15th anniversary of the China-Russia treaty of friendship and hoped the two countries might remain “friends forever”.
- An oil supply contract, under which Russia could deliver up to 2.4 million ton of crude oil to ChemChina in a year’s time.
2. India joined the elite missile control group MTCR.
- India has joined an exclusive club of countries controlling exports in missile technology.
- Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar signed the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), aimed at preventing unchecked proliferation of missiles.
- India formally became the 35th member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) that aims at the nonproliferation of missiles, rocket systems, and unmanned air vehicles, among others.
- The membership will enable India to buy high-end missile technologies and reportedly enhance its joint ventures with Russia. This marks India’s first entry into a multilateral export control regime.
1. 7-member panel formed to end Nepal parliament deadlock.
- A seven-member panel was formed by Nepal’s ruling and opposition parties to find ways to end an ongoing logjam in parliament over the mismanagement of post-quake reconstruction and the release of NRs 200,000 in financial aid to the survivors.
- The main opposition Nepali Congress (NC) has been disrupting House proceedings for the past a few days demanding immediate release of the financial package to the victims of last year’s devastating quake that killed nearly 9,000 people.
2. Israel and Turkey end six-year standoff.
- Israel and Turkey have announced a reconciliation deal to end a six-year diplomatic standoff that started when Israeli naval commandos shot dead nine Turkish activists travelling on an aid flotilla making for the Gaza coast.
- A deal negotiated in Rome will restore full ambassador-level relations, provide for about $20 million in compensation for the families of those killed and wounded aboard the Mavi Marmara in 2010, and clear the way for potentially lucrative contracts for Israel to transmit natural gas to Turkey.
- Under the agreement Turkey will withdraw all cases against Israeli soldiers in the assault on Mavi Marmara.
3. BHEL commissioned two hydel units in Afghanistan.
- The Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has achieved another milestone in Afghanistan by successfully commissioning two units of 14 MW each at Salma Hydro Electric Project (HEP) in Afghanistan.
- Project has been funded under the government of India’s grant to Afghanistan.
- The Salma dam, or the Afghan-India Friendship dam, was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the presence of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani.
1. Italy and Netherlands to share Security Council seat in a ‘show of unity’.
- In a symbolic gesture for European unity, Italy and the Netherlands have proposed to split a two-year term on the UN Security Council, after the two countries tied in a contested race for a non-permanent seat on the council.
- The elected countries will begin a two-year stint on the council on January 1, taking their seats alongside the five permanent council members – Britain, France, China, Russia and the United States.
- When the fifth round leveled out the Netherlands’ slight lead to an even 95-95 split, the two countries agreed to split the term, with Italy taking the first turn next year.
2. Ethiopia, Bolivia, Sweden elected non-permanent UNSC members for two-year term.
- The UN General Assembly elected Ethiopia, Bolivia and Sweden as non-permanent members of the Security Council for a two-year period beginning in January, 2017.
- The 193-member UN body conducted the elections for five non-permanent seats, which included one seat for the African Group, one seat for the Group of Asia and the Pacific small island developing states, one seat for the Group of
- Latin American and Caribbean States, and two seats for the Western European and Others Group.
- The two-year terms of the new members will begin on 1 January next year and run through December 31, 2018.
1. Indian Warships visited Vladivostok, Russia.
- Three Indian naval ships reached Russia as part of efforts to enhance maritime cooperation between the navies of both countries.
- INS Sahyadri, Shakti and Kirch, reached Vladivostok on a four day visit as part of deployment of the Eastern Fleet to the South China Sea.
- The visiting IN ships are likely to conduct exercises with the Russian Navy, aimed at enhancing interoperability in communication as well as Search and Rescue procedures.
2. Malaysia got 2 women Shariah HC judges.
- Two women have been appointed as judges of Malaysia’s Islamic Shariah High Court for the first time in the history of the judiciary of the Muslim-majority country.
- Noor Huda Roslan, 40, and Nenney Syuhaidah Shamsuddin, 41, received their official letters of appointment from Selangor’s Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah during a ceremony at the Istana Bukit Kayangan.
- Shariah High Court, also known as Shariah High Court, refers to Sharia law in Islamic religious law and deals with exclusively Islamic laws, having jurisdiction upon every Muslim in Malaysia.