Important Articles of the Indian Constitution


In this post, we are posting important articles in the Indian Constitution to remember for exams like UPSC Civil Services, APPSC and TSPSC Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3 exams.

Important Articles of the Constitution

Article 1: Name and territory of the Union

Article 3: Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states

Article 13: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights

Article 14: Equality before law

Article 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

Article 17: Abolition of untouchability

Article 19: Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty

Article 21A: Right to elementary education

Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article 30: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

Article 31C: Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles

Article 32: Remedies for enforcement of fundamental rights including writs

Article 38: State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people

Article 40: Organisation of village panchayats

Article 44: Uniform Civil Code for the citizens

Article 45: Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

Article 46: Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections

Article 50: Separation of judiciary from executive

Article 51: Promotion of international peace and security

Article 51A: Fundamental Duties

Article 72: Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article 74: Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President

Article 78: Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

Article 110: Definition of Money Bills

Article 112: Annual Financial Statement (Budget)

Article 123: Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament

Article 143: Power of President to consult Supreme Court

Article 155: Appointment of Governor

Article 161: Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

Article 163: Council of Ministers to aid and advise the Governor

Article 167: Duties of Chief Minister with regard to the furnishing of information to Governor, etc.

Article 169: Abolition or creation of legislative councils in states

Article 200: Assent to bills by Governor (including reservation for President)

Article 213: Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the State Legislature

Article 226: Power of High Courts to issue certain writs

Article 239AA: Special provisions with respect to Delhi

Article 249: Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest

Article 262: Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-state rivers or river valleys

Article 263: Provisions with respect to an Inter-State Council

Article 265: Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law

Article 275: Grants from the Union to certain states

Article 280: Finance Commission

Article 300: Suits and Proceedings

Article 300A: Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)

Article 311: Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.

Article 312: All-India Services

Article 315: Public service commissions for the Union and for the states

Article 320: Functions of Public Service Commissions

Article 323-A: Administrative Tribunals

Article 324: Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

Article 330: Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the People

Article 335: Claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes to services and posts

Article 352: Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)

Article 356: Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)

Article 360: Provisions as to Financial Emergency.

Article 365: Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)

Article 368: Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefor

Article 370: Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

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