National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) Report

National Commission to Review the Working of Constitution (NCRWC) Report PDF Justice Venkatachalaiah Commission

Complete Report of National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) / Justice M N Venkatachaliah Commission:

The National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution was set up by Government Resolution dated 22 February, 2000 under the Chairmanship of Justice M.N. Venkatachaliah. The terms of reference stated that the Commission shall examine, in the light of the experience of the past 50 years, as to how best the Constitution can respond to the changing needs of efficient, smooth and effective system of governance and socio-economic development of modern India within the framework of Parliamentary democracy, and to recommend changes, if any, that are required in the provisions of the Constitution without interfering with its basic structure or features. The Commission submitted its report in two volumes to the Government on 31st March, 2002.

The Commission felt that article 263 of the Constitution has vast potential and the same has not been fully utilized for resolving various problems concerning more than one State. The Commission observed that where a treaty is entered into by the Union Government concerning a matter in the State List vitally affecting the interests of the States no prior consultation is made with them. The Commission recommended that the forum of Inter-State Council could be very well utilized for discussion of policy matters involving more than one State and arriving at a decision expeditiously.

The contents of the Justice Venkatachaliah Commission report are as follows. Please click on the respective link to access information of that chapter.




1. Introduction

2. Basic Approach and Perspective

3. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties

4. Electoral Processes and Political Parties

5. Parliament and State Legislatures

6. Executive and Public Administration

7. The Judiciary

8. Union-State Relations

9. Decentralization and Devolution

10. Pace of Socio-Economic Change

11. Summary of Recommendations



1. Gazette Notifications

2. Advisory Panels

3. Consultation Papers

(i)    Enlargement of Fundamental Rights

(ii)   Pace of Socio-Economic Change under the Constitution

(iii)  Literacy in the context of the Constitution of India

(iv)   Social Security and Employment

(v)    Effectuation of Fundamental Duties of Citizens

(vi)   Review of the Working of Political Parties specially in relation to Elections and Reform Options

(vii)  Review of Election Law, Processes and Reform Options

(viii) Immunity of Legislators: What do the words ‘in respect of anything said or any vote given by him’ in article 105(2) signify?

(ix)   Efficacy of Public Audit System in India: C&AG

(x)    Probity in Governance

(xi)   Liability of State in Tort

(xii)  Superior Judiciary

(xiii) All India Judicial Service

(xiv) Financial Autonomy of the Indian Judiciary

(xv)  Constitutional Mechanism for the settlement of Inter-State Disputes

(xvi) Treaty-making power under our Constitution

(xvii)  The Institution of Governor under the Constitution

(xviii)  Article 356 of the Constitution

(xix)  Review of the Working of the Constitutional Provisions for Decentralisation (Panchayats)

(xx)   Decentralization and Municipalities

(xxi)  Empowering and Strengthening local self-government in Cantonments

(xxii) Empowerment and Strengthening of Panchayat Raj Institutions/ Autonomous District Councils/Traditional tribal governing institutions in North East India

4. Background Papers

(i)     Working of Parliament and Need for Reforms

(ii)    Some ideas in Governance

(iii)   Concurrent Power of Legislation under List III of the Indian Constitution

(iv)   Fiscal and Monetary Policies

(v)    Barriers to Inter-State Trade & Commerce – The Case of Road Transport

(vi)   Article 262 and Inter-State Disputes relating to Water

(vii)  Pace of Socio-Economic Change and Development under the Constitution

5. List of Organisations/Individuals who sent representations to the Commission

6. List of Organisations/individuals who responded to the Consultation Papers/Question­naires issued by the Commission

7. List of Organisations/Delegations/individuals who interacted with the Commission

8. List of Seminars sponsored by the Commission

9. Minutes of meetings of the Commission

10.Report of the Drafting and Editorial Committee


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